– Chapter 1 –
Memphis is Born
Memphis is Born
The year is 3100 BC. A momentous event is about to occur on the West bank of the Nile. It is an event which would go on to shape the history of Egypt and define one of the greatest civilizations on Earth for millennia to come. Menes, legendary unifier of Egypt, arrives at the boundary between the marshy Delta (Lower Egypt) and the Nile Valley (Upper Egypt) sealing the invisible line of this now undivided kingdom. Memphis, the first capital of a unified Egypt is born.
Menes decides to celebrate a local god (Ptah) who creates all things. He builds a Great Temple for him within his new capital. Ptah goes on to become one of the most important gods for generations to come and gains the admiration and adoration of many future kings of Egypt.
In its early days, Memphis is a city where the kings of Egypt are crowned. They hold royal festivals and live, rule and die in lavish palaces surrounded by their closest officials. When they die these officials are taken to the cemeteries of Saqqara, Dashur, Abusir and Giza, where they are buried in vast tombs. This triggers the beginning of a tradition which would lead to the creation some of the greatest monuments the world has ever seen, the Pyramids of Giza. Yet the story of the city of Memphis has only just begun.
Intriguingly no part of the early city of Memphis has yet been found by archaeologists. Some believe it was located away from its later location. Others believe it exists beneath some of the later monuments that you can see today. The origins of this great capital still remain shrouded in mystery.