source site This beautiful temple, built by Ramesses II, was used to worship the goddess Hathor. Today much of the site remains underground. But the tops of its columns are still visible, having survived over 3000 years!
These skillfully carved Hathor heads were once colorfully painted. They show the goddess with a human face and the ears of a cow. Hathor was one of the most important gods of Egypt. She was thought to be the Pharaoh’s spiritual mother. Hathor was also worshipped by the ancient Egyptians as the general goddess of motherhood, music and beauty.
Later, in the Ptolomaic and Roman Periods, this area was used as a workshop. Kilns for making pottery were constructed and you can still see thick layers of broken ceramics left by people from the past.